A highly periodical Si nanodisk superlattice has been fabricated by our top-down process. Based on the realistic structure, a 3D simulation program using the finite element method is developed to calculate energy band structure, optical and electrical properties, as well as the intermediate band solar cell operation. Both the experiments and simulations reveal that miniband formation enhances the optical and electrical collections. Consequently, detailed electronic structure and conversion efficiency are examined to guide the optimal design of minibands. A theoretically predicted maximal efficiency of the explored Si nanodisk superlattice is 50.3%, which is promising, compared with well-known complicated Si tandem solar cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering