Real-time GNSS analysis system REGARD: An overview and recent results

Satoshi Kawamoto, Naofumi Takamatsu, Satoshi Abe, Kohei Miyagawa, Yusaku Ohta, Masaru Todoriki, Takuya Nishimura

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A new real-time Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) analysis system named REGARD has been launched to provide finite-fault models for large earthquakes with magnitudes >8 in real time. The finite-fault estimates using GNSS positioning are free from saturation problems and are very robust for modeling large earthquakes. The REGARD system processes ∼ 1, 200 stations of GEONET, and event detection and finite-fault model inversion routines are implemented. Tests for the case of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake (Mw9.0) and a simulated Nankai Trough earthquake (Mw8.7) show that the REGARD system can provide reliable finite-fault models for large earthquakes. Furthermore, operational real-time results for the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake (Mj 7.3) demonstrated the capability of this system to model inland earthquakes. These results imply the possibility of improving tsunami simulations and/or hazard information using rapid finite-fault models. Efforts to integrate real-time GNSS with current warning systems are currently being implemented around the world, and the REGARD system will join these systems in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-452
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun


  • Earthquake modeling
  • GNSS
  • Rapid finite-fault model
  • Real-time GNSS analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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