Reaction rate analysis of nuclear spallation reactions generated by 150, 190, and 235 MeV protons

Cheol Ho Pyeon, Hiroshi Shiga, Kazuaki Abe, Hiroshi Yashima, Teiji Nishio, Tsuyoshi Misawa, Tomohiko Iwasaki, Seiji Shiroya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


At the National Cancer Center, proton irradiation experiments have been conducted using the cyclotron accelerator to measure the neutron spectrum by the foil activation method. The experimental results demonstrate that high-energy neutrons are bombarded by injecting high-energy protons onto the tungsten target. The agreement between the results of the experiments and the MCNPX calculations with ENDF/ B-VI is around 20% in the relative difference of the C/E (calculation/experiment) values in some of the 209Bi(n, xn) 210-xBi reactions. Here, the activation foil 209Bi is useful in obtaining experimental neutron spectrum information on nuclear spallation reactions of the tungsten target by the high-energy protons ranging between 150 and 235 MeV. The current experimental data could contribute to evaluating the accuracy of the numerical simulation methodology of reaction rates and the uncertainties of cross sections of 209Bi, as experimental benchmarks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1090-1095
Number of pages6
Journaljournal of nuclear science and technology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 17


  • Bismuth
  • Foil activation method
  • High-energy neutrons
  • High-energy protons
  • Neutron spectrum
  • Reaction rate
  • Tungsten target

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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