Reaction path for fabrication of Cu2SnSe3 (CTSe) film by selenization of Cu-Sn precursor was investigated via in-situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) as well as glazing incident XRD (GIXRD) measurements. Cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy (SEM)-energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) analyses revealed the element and phase distribution along the depth direction. Based on these results, a proposed growth model was concluded below: first, the Se atoms from evaporation source reacted with Cu and Sn atoms to produce Cu2-xSe and SnSe2 phases. Noticeably, resulting film presented bilayer feature with Cu2-xSe located at the surface and SnSe2 located at bottom. Second, CTSe phase formed at the interface of Cu2-xSe and SnSe2 as the increasing temperature. The Cu2-xSe was depleted by Sn-related secondary phases when the Cu/Sn ratio was smaller than 1.72. The secondary phases of SnSe2 and SnSe were coexisted with CTSe phase independent of Cu/Sn ratio in metallic precursor, which was attributed to the weak diffusion ability of Sn and Sn-related secondary phases in the CTSe film. The origins for high carrier concentration in CTSe films were ascribed to the Cu2-xSe and intrinsic acceptor concentration and effective approach to reduce the value was explored. An attempt of solar cell with CTSe as absorber was performed and photocurrent of 9.9 mA/cm2 was detected.
- Carrier concentration
- Secondary phases
- Thin-film solar cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films