Rat kidney thromboxane receptor: Molecular cloning, signal transduction, and intrarenal expression localization

Takaaki Abe, Kazuhisa Takeuchi, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Eikatsu Tsutsumi, Yoshiyuki Taniyama, Keishi Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thromboxane (TX) plays important roles in control of renal hemodynamics and water and electrolyte metabolism, and is involved in the pathophysiology of many renal diseases. The aim of the present study is to isolate a rat kidney cDNA encoding functional TX receptor, and to reveal its intrarenal expression localization. A clone (rTXR2) was isolated from a rat kidney cDNA library by a homology screening approach. rTXR2 was shown to encode the amino acid sequence containing seven transmembrane spanning domains representing rat (r) TX receptor. The membrane from COS-7 cells transiently transfected with rTXR2 cDNA was shown to be specifically bound by a thromboxane receptor antagonist, SQ29548. Either in Xenopus oocyte expression or in transfected COS-7 cells, rTX receptor was shown to be linked with Ca2+ messenger system. TX receptor-mediated increase in cytosolic Ca2+ was also observed in cultured glomerular mesangial cells. In situ hybridization showed that rTX receptor mRNA was detected in renal glomeruli, smooth muscle cells in renal arterioles, and transitional cell epithelium of renal pelvis. Reverse transcription linked to PCR applied to microdissected nephron segments indicated the presence of rTX receptor mRNA exclusively in the glomerulus. In conclusion, we have cloned a functional rat kidney TX receptor, which is expressed specifically in renal glomerulus, arterial smooth muscle cells, and transitional cell epithelium of renal pelvis. The present study will provide important insights into the etiology and pathophysiology of renal diseases with relation to TX metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-664
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Aug

Keywords

  • calcium signal transduction
  • in situ hybridization
  • nephron segments
  • renal pelvis
  • reverse transcription-PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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