Rat experimental model of continuous regional arterial infusion of protease inhibitor and its effects on severe acute pancreatitis

Yukio Mikami, Kazunori Takeda, Kazuhisa Matsuda, Huang Qiu-Feng, Shoji Fukuyama, Shinichi Egawa, Makoto Sunamura, Seiki Matsuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The rat experimental model of continuous regional arterial infusion of protease inhibitor (CRAI) on acute pancreatitis has yet to be established. Therefore, the aims of this study were (1) to establish the rat experimental model of CRAI and (2) to evaluate the effects of nafamostat on rat severe acute pancreatitis via different routes of administration. Methods: The rat internal jugular vein or the celiac artery was infused with nafamostat, and the concentration of nafamostat in the lung and pancreas was measured. After the induction of severe acute pancreatitis, rats received intravenous or regional intraarterial infusion of nafamostat and then concentrations of trypsinogen activated peptide (TAP) and serum interleukin (IL-6), and histologic sections of the pancreas were examined and the 96-hour survival rate was evaluated. Results: CRAI rats had higher concentrations of nafamostat in the pancreas than those infused intravenously. However, CRAI rats had lower concentrations of nafamostat in the lung that those infused intravenously. CRAI significantly reduced the levels of TAP and pancreatic necrosis. Moreover, the levels of serum IL-6 and the mortality rate were significantly reduced after CRAI compared with the intravenous infusion of nafamostat. Conclusion: The effectiveness of the rat experimental model of CRAI on acute pancreatitis was clearly demonstrated. The concentration of nafamostat in the lung and pancreas and the effects of nafamostat differ according to the route of administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-253
Number of pages6
JournalPancreas
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr

Keywords

  • Continuous regional arterial infusion of protease inhibitor (CRAI)
  • Nafamostat (FUT-175, 6-amidino-2-naphthyl p-guanidino-benzoate di-methane-sulfonate)
  • Pancreatic necrosis
  • Severe acute pancreatitis
  • Tissue concentration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Rat experimental model of continuous regional arterial infusion of protease inhibitor and its effects on severe acute pancreatitis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this