Rapid establishment of introgression lines using cytoplasmic male sterility and a restorer gene in Oryza sativa cv. Nipponbare

Takayuki Ohnishi, Mihoko Yoshino, Kinya Toriyama, Tetsu Kinoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses have greatly enhanced our understanding of complex traits in rice (Oryza sativa). In parallel, the development of introgression lines has provided a powerful tool for elucidation of complicated genetic networks and identification of QTL. We recently developed a biotron breeding system that allows rapid indoor cultivation of rice plants. The system, however, has two relatively weak points in its application to marker-assisted breeding in rice: first, variation in generation times among cultivars; second, the low number of seeds produced by crosses. To compensate for these weaknesses, we propose utilizing cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) and restorer (Rf) lines with a cv. Nipponbare genetic background. Through use of the Nipponbare genetic background, rice generation times of 2 months can be achieved regardless of any differences in the genetic background of the donor rice plant. This CMS-Rf system confers a high yield of hybrid seeds, avoids the need for emasculation and precludes accidental crosses. Our results demonstrate that this new methodology can markedly accelerate many different aspects of rice research, especially in functional genomics. The combination of biotron breeding system, early flowering habit and CMS will be of great value for screening candidate genes associated with QTL and for introducing useful QTL into elite cultivars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-839
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Breeding
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec

Keywords

  • Biotron breeding system
  • CMS
  • Introgression line
  • MAS
  • Rf gene
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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