Rapid and highly selective conversion of biomass into value-added products in hydrothermal conditions: Chemistry of acid/base-catalysed and oxidation reactions

Fangming Jin, Heiji Enomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

230 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An overview of recent advances in research on selective conversion of carbohydrates into products with hydrothermal chemistry is given. Conversion methods tend to use acid- or base-catalysed reactions and oxidation reactions. Conversion products that can be selectively produced include acetic acid, formic acid, lactic acid, levulinic acid, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) and 2-furaldehyde (2-FA). Future conversion paths and possible new products that can be formed with hydrothermal chemistry include aldol/reverse condensation, dehydration, benzilic acid rearrangement, keto-enol tautomerization, Lobry de Bruyn-Alberda van Ekenstein transformation and oxidation reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-397
Number of pages16
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution

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