Rapid and highly selective conversion of biomass into value-added products in hydrothermal conditions: Chemistry of acid/base-catalysed and oxidation reactions

Fangming Jin, Heiji Enomoto

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

258 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An overview of recent advances in research on selective conversion of carbohydrates into products with hydrothermal chemistry is given. Conversion methods tend to use acid- or base-catalysed reactions and oxidation reactions. Conversion products that can be selectively produced include acetic acid, formic acid, lactic acid, levulinic acid, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) and 2-furaldehyde (2-FA). Future conversion paths and possible new products that can be formed with hydrothermal chemistry include aldol/reverse condensation, dehydration, benzilic acid rearrangement, keto-enol tautomerization, Lobry de Bruyn-Alberda van Ekenstein transformation and oxidation reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-397
Number of pages16
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution

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