(Chemical Equation Presented) A rapid and efficient total synthesis of dysiherbaine (1), a potent and subtype-selective agonist for ionotropic glutamate receptors, has been accomplished. A key intermediate 15 was synthesized by two approaches. The first synthetic route utilized compound 9, an advanced intermediate in our previous total synthesis of neodysiherbaine A, as the starting point, and the cis-oriented amino alcohol functionality on the tetrahydropyran ring was installed by using an intramolecular SN2 cyclization of N-Boc-protected amino alcohol 20. An alternative and even more efficient synthetic approach to 15 featured stereoselective introduction of an amino group at C8 by iodoaminocyclization prior to constructing the bicyclic ether skeleton. The amino acid appendage was efficiently constructed by a catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation of enamide ester 36. The synthetic route developed here provided access to several dysiherbaine analogues, including 9-epi-dysiherbaine (38), 9-deoxydysiherbaine (39), 9-methoxydysiherbaine (40), and N-ethyldysiherbaine (41). The preliminary structure-activity relationship studies revealed that the presence and stereochemistry of the C9 hydroxy group in dysiherbaine is important for high-affinity and selective binding to glutamate subtype receptors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry