Randomized phase II study of carboplatin plus irinotecan versus carboplatin plus amrubicin in patients with chemo-naïve extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer: North Japan Lung Cancer Study Group (NJLCG) 0901

Naoto Morikawa, Akira Inoue, Shunichi Sugawara, Makoto Maemondo, Toshiyuki Harada, Masao Harada, Yuka Fujita, Terufumi Katoh, Hiroshi Yokouchi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Kazuhiro Usui, Toshiro Suzuki, Jun Sakakibara-Konishi, Hiroki Nagai, Mariko Kanbe, Toshihiro Nukiwa

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Carboplatin-based regimens are the standard regimens for patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). However, the efficacies of these regimens are unsatisfactory. We previously identified carboplatin plus irinotecan (CI) and carboplatin plus amrubicin (CA) as promising new carboplatin-based regimens. Accordingly, we conducted a randomized phase II study to identify the appropriate regimen for future phase III trials. Materials and methods Chemotherapy-naïve patients with ES-SCLC were randomly assigned to receive 4–6 cycles of carboplatin [area under the curve (AUC) 5.0, day 1] plus irinotecan (70 mg/m2, days 1 and 8) every 3 weeks (CI arm) or carboplatin (AUC 4.0, day 1) plus amrubicin (35 mg/m2, days 1–3) every 3 weeks (CA arm). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR). The secondary endpoints were the progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and toxicity. Results Between December 2009 and March 2013, 71 patients were enrolled. One patient in each arm did not receive any protocol treatment due to rapid disease progression. The characteristics of the treated patients were as follows: median age, 70 years (range 51–84 years); proportion of males, 84%. The ORRs were 79% and 89% in the CI and CA arms, respectively. The median PFS values were 5.1 and 6.2 months in the CI and CA arms, respectively [CA; hazard ratio (HR) = 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.35–0.98, P = 0.042]. The grade 3 or higher toxicity severities were neutropenia (CI, 53% and CA, 89%), anemia (CI, 26% and CA, 20%), thrombocytopenia (CI, 18% and CA, 14%), and febrile neutropenia (CI, 12% and CA, 29%). No treatment-related deaths were observed. Conclusion CA was numerically more effective than CI, with acceptable toxicity, in chemo-naïve ES-SCLC patients. CA could be selected for future phase III trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-42
Number of pages5
JournalLung Cancer
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep

Keywords

  • Amrubicin
  • Carboplatin
  • Chemotherapy
  • Irinotecan
  • Phase II study
  • Small-cell lung cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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