Radioprotection of eye lens using protective material in neuro cone-beam computed tomography: Estimation of dose reduction rate and image quality

Satoru Kawauchi, Koichi Chida, Takashi Moritake, Yusuke Hamada, Wataro Tsuruta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: In cerebral angiography, for diagnosis and interventional neuroradiology, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan is frequently performed for evaluating brain parenchyma, cerebral hemorrhage, and cerebral infarction. However, the patient's eye lens is more frequently exposed to excessive doses in these scans than in the previous angiography and interventional neuroradiology (INR) procedures. Hence, radioprotection for the lenses is needed. This study selects the most suitable eye lens protection material for CBCT from among nine materials by evaluating the dose reduction rate and image quality. Methods: To determine the dose reduction rate, the lens doses were measured using an anthropomorphic head phantom and a real-time dosimeter. For image quality assessment, the artifact index was calculated based on the pixel value and image noise within various regions of interest in a water phantom. Results: The protective materials exhibited dose reduction; however, streak artifacts were observed near the materials. The dose reduction rate and the degree of the artifact varied significantly depending on the protective material. The dose reduction rates were 14.6%, 14.2%, and 26.0% when bismuth shield: normal (bismuth shield in the shape of an eye mask), bismuth shield: separate (two separate bismuth shields), and lead goggles were used, respectively. The “separate” bismuth shield was found to be effective in dose reduction without lowering the image quality. Conclusion: We found that bismuth shields and lead goggles are suitable protective devices for the optimal reduction of lens doses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-199
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica Medica
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb
Externally publishedYes


  • Cone-beam CT (CBCT)
  • Interventional neuroradiology (INR)
  • Lens dose
  • Radioprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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