Radical addition reaction between chromenols and toluene derivatives initiated by Brønsted acid catalyst under light irradiation

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Abstract

A Brønsted acid-catalyzed benzylic C(sp3)-H functionalization of toluene and its derivatives was accomplished through the photo-excitation of benzopyrylium cation intermediates. Light irradiation promoted the reaction of chromenols with toluene and its derivatives in the presence of a Brønsted acid catalyst, affording the corresponding benzylated chromene derivatives having tetrasubstituted carbon centers. Experimental and theoretical studies elucidated that the reaction proceeds through a radical addition pathway in which the benzopyrylium cation intermediate acts as both an electrophile and a photo-redox catalyst. The use of a chiral phosphoric acid catalyst enables the enantioselective radical addition reaction through a chiral anion-controlled asymmetric induction via an ion-pairing interaction to provide an addition product in an enantioenriched form.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4153-4159
Number of pages7
JournalOrganic Chemistry Frontiers
Volume8
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug 7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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