Radiation dose to the pediatric cardiac catheterization and intervention patient

Koichi Chida, Tadayuki Ohno, Shuhei Kakizaki, Mika Takegawa, Hiroko Yuuki, Mitsuru Nakada, Shoki Takahashi, Masayuki Zuguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The radiation dose from cardiac catheterization is particularly relevant when treating children because of their greater radiosensitivity compared with adults. Moreover, cardiac catheterization is being used increasingly for interventional radiology procedures, possibly resulting in higher patient radiation doses. This article reports the radiation doses and related factors, such as fluoroscopy time, for children who underwent cardiac catheterization and children who underwent other interventional radiology procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We evaluated 239 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac catheterization (n = 205) or another interventional radiology procedure (n = 34) for which the dose-area product (DAP) was measured. The number of cine runs and fluoroscopic time for each procedure and the body mass index and body weight of each patient were recorded. We also used the double product combined with body weight, which is the weight-fluoroscopic time product. RESULTS. The average DAP ± SD of cardiac catheterization and of an interventional radiology procedure was 1,702.6 ± 2,110.1 cGy × cm2 and 2,242.2 ± 2,509.4 cGy × cm2, respectively. The average fluoroscopic time ± SD of cardiac catheterization and of an interventional radiology procedure was 24.1 ± 16.8 minutes and 37.2 ± 20.0 minutes. For children who underwent cardiac catheterization and those who underwent an interventional radiology procedure, a strong correlation was seen between the DAP and weight-fluoroscopic time product (cardiac catheterization, r = 0.906; interventional radiology procedure, r = 0.885) and a good correlation was detected between the DAP and weight (r = 0.819 and 0.895, respectively). CONCLUSION. There was a good correlation between the DAP and weight and between DAP and weight-fluoroscopic time product for children who underwent cardiac catheterization or an interventional radiology procedure. Therefore, body weight is important for determining radiation dose to children undergoing cardiac catheterization or an interventional radiology procedure. The normalized DAP (i.e., DAP divided by body weight), fluoroscopy time, and number of cine runs were greater in children who underwent an interventional radiology procedure than in those who underwent cardiac catheterization. Therefore, the radiation dose to children from interventional radiology procedures is a more critical issue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1175-1179
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume195
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov

Keywords

  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Children
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Interventional radiology
  • Radiation dose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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