Radiation dose for 320-row dose-modulated dynamic coronary CT angiography

Yukako Izoe, Michinobu Nagao, Mei Tokai, Hiroyuki Hashimoto, Isao Tanaka, Koichi Chida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The area detector 320-row CT scanner, which can cover the whole heart in one rotation, can aid in reducing radiation exposure during electrocardiography (ECG)-gated coronary CT angiography (CCTA). Recently, researchers have proposed dose-modulated dynamic CCTA with a 320-row scanner for the detection of functional myocardial ischemia. In the present study, we compared and validated the radiation dose of this method with that of the standard CCTA method and the latest diagnostic reference levels (DRLs). Materials and Methods: The study included a total of 164 consecutive patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent CCTA with a 320-row scanner. The patients were randomly divided into dynamic and standard CCTA groups, and the CT dose index (CTDIvol) and dose length product (DLP) calculated by the CT system were compared between the two protocols and with the latest DRL. Results: Standard and dynamic CCTA scans were performed in 77 and 87 patients, respectively. CTDIvol was significantly higher for standard CCTA than for dynamic CCTA (41 ± 35 mGy vs. 22 ± 7 mGy, p = 0.0014). DLP was also significantly higher for standard CCTA than for dynamic CCTA (864 ± 702 mGy × cm vs. 434 ± 106 mGy × cm, p <.0001). For standard scans, CTDIvol and DLP exceeded the 2020 DRL in Japan in 16% (12/77) and 17% (13/77) of cases, respectively. In contrast, rates for the dynamic scan were only 1% (1/87) for CTDIvol and 0% (0/87) for DLP. Conclusion: The dose of radiation exposure during dynamic CCTA with a 320-row scanner does not exceed that of standard CCTA and is sufficient to meet the latest DRL. Thus, our results suggest that the method is safe from the perspective of radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-312
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of applied clinical medical physics
Volume22
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 320-row scanner
  • coronary artery disease
  • coronary CT angiography
  • radiation exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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