Rabin8 regulates neurite outgrowth in both GEF activity-dependent and -independent manners

Yuta Homma, Mitsunori Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many aspects of membrane-trafficking events are regulated by Rab-family small GTPases. Neurite outgrowth requires massive addition of proteins and lipids to the tips of growing neurites by membrane trafficking, and although several Rabs, including Rab8, Rab10, and Rab11, have been implicated in this process, their regulatory mechanisms during neurite outgrowth are poorly understood. Here, we show that Rabin8, a Rab8-guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF), regulates nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells. Knockdown of Rabin8 results in inhibition of neurite outgrowth, whereas overexpression promotes it. We also find that Rab10 is a novel substrate of Rabin8 and that both Rab8 and Rab10 function during neurite outgrowth downstream of Rabin8. Surprisingly, however, a GEF activity-deficient isoform of Rabin8 also promotes neurite outgrowth, indicating the existence of a GEF activity-independent role of Rabin8. The Arf6/Rab8-positive recycling endosomes (Arf6/Rab8-REs) and Rab10/Rab11-positive REs (Rab10/Rab11-REs) in NGF-stimulated PC12 cells are differently distributed. Rabin8 localizes on both RE populations and appears to activate Rab8 and Rab10 there. These localizations and functions of Rabin8 are Rab11 dependent. Thus Rabin8 regulates neurite outgrowth both by coordinating with Rab8, Rab10, and Rab11 and by a GEF activity-independent mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2107-2118
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume27
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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