Quick sequential organ failure assessment score combined with other sepsis-related risk factors to predict in-hospital mortality: Post-hoc analysis of prospective multicenter study data

Ryo Ueno, Takateru Masubuchi, Atsushi Shiraishi, Satoshi Gando, Toshikazu Abe, Shigeki Kushimoto, Toshihiko Mayumi, Seitaro Fujishima, Akiyoshi Hagiwara, Toru Hifumi, Akira Endo, Takayuki Komatsu, Joji Kotani, Kohji Okamoto, Junichi Sasaki, Yasukazu Shiino, Yutaka Umemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to assess the value of quick sequential organ failure assessment (qSOFA) combined with other risk factors in predicting in-hospital mortality in patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected infection. This post-hoc analysis of a prospective multicenter study dataset included 34 emergency departments across Japan (December 2017 to February 2018). We included adult patients (age ≥16 years) who presented to the emergency department with suspected infection. qSOFA was calculated and recorded by senior emergency physicians when they suspected an infection. Different types of sepsisrelated risk factors (demographic, functional, and laboratory values) were chosen from prior studies. A logistic regression model was used to assess the predictive value of qSOFA for in-hospital mortality in models based on the following combination of predictors: 1) qSOFAOnly; 2) qSOFA+Age; 3) qSOFA+Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS); 4) qSOFA+Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI); 5) qSOFA+lactate levels; 6) qSOFA+Age+CCI+CFS+lactate levels. We calculated the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and other key clinical statistics at Youden's index, where the sum of sensitivity and specificity is maximized. Following prior literature, an AUC >0.9 was deemed to indicate high accuracy; 0.7- 0.9, moderate accuracy; 0.5-0.7, low accuracy; and 0.5, a chance result. Of the 951 patients included in the analysis, 151 (15.9%) died during hospitalization. The AUC for predicting inhospital mortality was 0.627 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.580-0.673) for the qSOFAOnly model. Addition of other variables only marginally improved the model's AUC; the model that included all potentially relevant variables yielded an AUC of only 0.730 (95% CI: 0.687-0.774). Other key statistic values were similar among all models, with sensitivity and specificity of 0.55-0.65 and 0.60-0.75, respectively. In this post-hoc data analysis from a prospective multicenter study based in Japan, combining qSOFA with other sepsis-related risk factors only marginally improved the model's predictive value.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0254343
JournalPloS one
Volume16
Issue number7 July
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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