Quasi-one-dimensional metal-oxide-based heterostructural gas-sensing materials: A review

Tianming Li, Wen Zeng, Zhongchang Wang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    124 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Quasi-one-dimensional (1D) heterostructures act as promising gas-sensing materials due to their high surface-to-volume ratio, large depletion area, and synergistic behaviors of the two components that contribute to dramatic change in resistance. To date, the noble metals and p-type metal oxides, a component of the heterostructure systems, have been extensively applied as good catalysts owing to their excellent selectivity and sensitivity to analyte gases. In particular, much effort has been devoted to the fabrication and processing of nanoscale quasi-1D metal-oxide-based heterostructural materials for a variety of practical applications especially as gas sensors. In this review, we first introduce the two-step preparation process of various quasi-1D nanostructures and then discuss how the primary parameters, e.g. the amount of activated adsorption sites, the gas diffusion ability, and the coverage the secondary materials, can have an impact on the gas-sensing performances. We finally review gas-sensing mechanism in terms of the species of heterojunctions, such as the Schottky-junction, p-n or n-p junction, and n-n or p-p junction.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1570-1585
    Number of pages16
    JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
    Volume221
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 31

    Keywords

    • Gas sensor
    • Heterojunction
    • Metal oxide
    • Quasi-one-dimensional nanostructure
    • Synergistic behavior
    • Two-step preparation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Metals and Alloys
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Materials Chemistry
    • Instrumentation

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