Quantum Description of Surface Plasmon Excitation by Light in Graphene

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Abstract

The enhanced absorption probability of gigahertz and terahertz electromagnetic wave in monolayer graphene, sandwiched by the dielectric materials, up to 100% has been shown in our previous works by solving the classical Maxwell equation with transfer matrix method. In this paper, we show by a quantum description of the phenomena that the origin of the enhanced optical absorption is equivalent to the excitation of surface plasmon. The interaction between a photon with a surface plasmon is calculated, and the excitation probability of surface plasmon can be obtained by the Fermi golden rule, which can be compared with the optical spectrum that is calculated by the Maxwell equation. The calculated results show that both the intraband single-particle excitation of electron and collective excitation or surface plasmon contribute to optical absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800181
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Volume255
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec

Keywords

  • electromagnetic waves
  • graphene
  • optical absorption
  • surface plasmons
  • terahertz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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