Quantitative wear and wear damage analysis of composite resins in vitro

Natthavoot Koottathape, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naohiko Iwasaki, Masafumi Kanehira, Werner J. Finger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to investigate volume loss and worn surfaces' morphologies of eight composite resins: Durafill VS (DUR), Clearfil AP-X (APX), Filtek Z250 (Z250), Filtek Supreme XT (FIL), Kalore (KAL), MI Flow (MFL), Venus Diamond (VED) and Venus Pearl (VEP). Disc-shaped specimens were fabricated and mounted in a ball-on-disc wear testing machine and abraded in water or with the third-body media, poppy seed slurry and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) slurry. Volume loss (n=5) was determined after 50. k sliding cycles, and analyzed using two-way ANOVA (α=0.05). The worn surfaces were examined with SEM. Two-way ANOVA suggested significant interaction between composite and wear condition. DUR, KAL and MFL showed low wear in water. DUR, Z250 and FIL showed moderate wear with PMMA slurry, whereas APX, KAL and MFL were deeper abraded. Under the action of poppy seed slurry DUR proved high volume loss. SEM showed that Z250, FIL and MFL were uniformly abraded in water. KAL and MFL with poppy seed were heavily destructed, whereas VED and VEP appeared very smooth. KAL and MFL abraded with PMMA slurry showed many cracks, but VEP remained crack-free and smooth. Volume loss and worn surfaces' morphologies varied with type of composite and third-body media used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)508-516
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan


  • Composite resin
  • Volume loss
  • Wear damage analysis
  • Wear resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials


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