Quantitative Visualization of the Leading-edge Vortices on a Delta Wing by Using Pressure-sensitive Paint

Y. Egami, Y. Lijima, Y. Amao, K. Asai, A. Fuji, N. Teduka, M. Kameda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Leading-edge vortices on a simple delta wing were visualized by using pressure-sensitive paint (PSP). PSP is an optical pressure measurement technique based on oxygen quenching of luminescent molecules. In the present study, we used PSP composed of platinum octaethylporphyrine (PtOEP) and fluoropolymer (poly-IBM-co-TFEM [Poly (isobutylmethacrtlate-co-trifluoroethylate)]). This new paint has higher sensitivity to pressure and lower sensitivity to temperature than previous ones, reducing an error due to temperature variation during a wind tunnel test. A thin coating of PSP was applied to a delta wing model with 70-degree leading-edge sweep. The coating was excited by Xenon light and emission from the coating was detected by a high-resolution CCD camera. Tests were done at subsonic speeds in the 0.2-m Supersonic Wind Tunnel at the National Aerospace Laboratory in Japan. Complicated flow structures on the delta wing including primary and secondary vortices were clearly visualized using pressure-sensitive paint. An a priori calibration technique was used to convert measured luminescent intensity into pressure. The obtained pressure distributions were in good agreement with pressure tap data. Pressure maps were obtained for various Mach numbers, Reynolds numbers and angles of attack. It was found that an increase in Mach number delayed vortex breakdown while Reynolds number had little effect on the vortex formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-150
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Visualization
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Delta wing
  • Image analysis
  • Leading-edge vortices
  • Pressure-sensitive paint
  • Vortex breakdown

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Quantitative Visualization of the Leading-edge Vortices on a Delta Wing by Using Pressure-sensitive Paint'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this