Quantitative targeted absolute proteomics for 28 human transporters in plasma membrane of Caco-2 cell monolayer cultured for 2, 3, and 4 weeks

Yasuo Uchida, Sumio Ohtsuki, Junichi Kamiie, Ken Ohmine, Ryo Iwase, Tetsuya Terasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the absolute protein expression levels of 28 drug-related transporters in Caco-2 cell monolayers cultured for 2, 3, and 4 weeks. Plasma membrane fractions of Caco-2 cells cultured on Transwell inserts for 2, 3 and 4 weeks were prepared and digested with trypsin, and then simultaneous absolute quantification of 28 transporters and Na+/K+-ATPase was conducted using our established quantitative targeted absolute proteomic technique. Nine transporters and Na+/K+-ATPase were detected. MDR1, BCRP, PEPT1, OSTα and OSTβ were highly expressed (greater than 1 fmol/μg protein), while MRP2, MRP4, OATP2B1 and MCT1 were moderately expressed (0.328-0.871 fmol/μg protein). No significant difference was observed in the protein expression levels of these transporters or Na+/K+-ATPase among the 2-, 3- and 4-week cultures. The other 19 transporters, including MRP1, MRP3, OATP1A2, OATP3A1, OATP4A1, and OATP1B3, were not detected. This information about the rank order of transporter protein expression will be useful to predict what transporter(s) are likely or unlikely to influence the permeability of various compounds across monolayers of Caco-2 cells, which are widely used in drug development studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20
Pages (from-to)205-208
Number of pages4
JournalDrug metabolism and pharmacokinetics
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 4

Keywords

  • BCRP
  • Caco-2
  • Different culture period
  • LC-MS/MS
  • MDR1
  • OSTα/β
  • PEPT1
  • Protein expression level
  • QTAP
  • SRM/MRM analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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