Quantitative study of the spin Hall magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic insulator/normal metal hybrids

Matthias Althammer, Sibylle Meyer, Hiroyasu Nakayama, Michael Schreier, Stephan Altmannshofer, Mathias Weiler, Hans Huebl, Stephan Geprägs, Matthias Opel, Rudolf Gross, Daniel Meier, Christoph Klewe, Timo Kuschel, Jan Michael Schmalhorst, Günter Reiss, Liming Shen, Arunava Gupta, Yan Ting Chen, Gerrit E.W. Bauer, Eiji SaitohSebastian T.B. Goennenwein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

270 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We experimentally investigate and quantitatively analyze the spin Hall magnetoresistance effect in ferromagnetic insulator/platinum and ferromagnetic insulator/nonferromagnetic metal/platinum hybrid structures. For the ferromagnetic insulator, we use either yttrium iron garnet, nickel ferrite, or magnetite and for the nonferromagnet, copper or gold. The spin Hall magnetoresistance effect is theoretically ascribed to the combined action of spin Hall and inverse spin Hall effect in the platinum metal top layer. It therefore should characteristically depend upon the orientation of the magnetization in the adjacent ferromagnet and prevail even if an additional, nonferromagnetic metal layer is inserted between Pt and the ferromagnet. Our experimental data corroborate these theoretical conjectures. Using the spin Hall magnetoresistance theory to analyze our data, we extract the spin Hall angle and the spin diffusion length in platinum. For a spin-mixing conductance of 4×1014Ω-1m-2, we obtain a spin Hall angle of 0.11±0.08 and a spin diffusion length of (1.5±0.5)nm for Pt in our thin-film samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224401
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume87
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Althammer, M., Meyer, S., Nakayama, H., Schreier, M., Altmannshofer, S., Weiler, M., Huebl, H., Geprägs, S., Opel, M., Gross, R., Meier, D., Klewe, C., Kuschel, T., Schmalhorst, J. M., Reiss, G., Shen, L., Gupta, A., Chen, Y. T., Bauer, G. E. W., ... Goennenwein, S. T. B. (2013). Quantitative study of the spin Hall magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic insulator/normal metal hybrids. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 87(22), [224401]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.224401