Quantitative Monitoring of Microphase Separation Behaviors in Cationic Liposomes Using HHC, DPH, and Laurdan: Estimation of the Local Electrostatic Potentials in Microdomains

Keishi Suga, Kei Akizaki, Hiroshi Umakoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microphase separation behaviors of cationic liposomes have been investigated using a pH-sensitive fluorescent probe with 4-heptadecyl-7-hydroxycoumarin (HHC), 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene, and 6-lauroyl-2-dimethylaminonaphthalene, and to estimate localized electrostatic potentials. Shifts of the apparent pKa values of HHC were observed in cationic liposomes in proportion to the amount of cationic lipids. Two pKa values were obtained with 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC)/3β-[N(N′,N′-dimethylaminoethane)-carbamoyl] cholesterol hydrochloride (DC-Ch) liposomes, while only one pKa value was generated with either DOPC/1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) or DOPC/dimethyldioctadecylammonium-bromide (DODAB) liposomes. The physicochemical membrane property analyses, focusing on membrane fluidity and membrane polarity, revealed heterogeneity among DOPC/DC-Ch liposomes. By analyzing the pH titration curves using sigmoidal fitting, the localized electrostatic potentials were estimated. For DOPC/DOTAP = (7/3), the membrane was in the liquid-disordered phase and the density of cationic molecules was 0.41 cation/nm2. For DOPC/DC-Ch = (7/3), the membrane was heterogeneous and the densities of cationic molecules in liquid-disordered and liquid-ordered phases were 0.25 and 1.24 cation/nm2, respectively. We thereby conclude that the DC-Ch molecules can form nanodomains when these molecules are concentrated to 59%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3630-3636
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume32
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 3
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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