Quantitative evaluation of structural transformations in raw coals on heat-treatment using HRTEM technique

A. Sharma, T. Kyotani, A. Tomita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


The structural transformations in Beulah-Zap (BZ), Illinois (IL) no. 6, Upper Freeport (UF) and Pocahontas (POC) no. 3 coals on heat-treatment at 427, 800 and 1200°C were examined by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) technique. The stacking number and layer sizes of heat-treated coals were evaluated. The structural change in coal strongly depends on whether a coal undergoes plastic stage or not. BZ coal does not show plasticity and accordingly no significant change was observed even at 1200°C heat-treatment temperature. IL, UF and POC coals showed increase in ordering of layers when heat-treated depending upon their degree of plasticity. UF coal with highest plasticity developed highly ordered structures similar to graphitizable carbon. For IL and POC coals with very little plasticity, the change in structure at high temperature was also found to depend on the stacking orders present in the initial raw coals. The HRTEM technique can successfully quantify the structural chan ge in coal on heat-treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1467-1473
Number of pages7
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Aug


  • Coal
  • Coke
  • Heat-treatment
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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