Quantitative estimation of brain stiffness measured using a tactile biosensor in animal models

Yoshiaki Yamamoto, Kouzo Moritake, Hidemasa Nagai, Masaaki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: The purpose of this experimental study was to evaluate the clinical application of a tool equipped to measure the consistency of soft tissue. Methods and results: We have measured three kinds of soft tissues with brain-like softness. Also, we evaluated the stiffness of an animal brain with intracranial hypertension. Next, we attempted to measure the mechanical properties of three materials using a tactile sensor. This sensor measures three parameters: depth, pressure, and the change in resonance frequency. The change in resonance frequency correlated linearly on a semi-log scale with the stiffness of the gelatin. Next, we measured brain stiffness using an epidural balloon expansion model in 28 rats. The rats were divided into five groups based upon the volume of saline solution infused into the balloon. Rat brain stiffness was measured using the tactile sensor. We then analyzed the relationship between change in resonance frequency in tactile sensor and the I-IV latency in brainstem evoked potentials under increased balloon volume. The value of change in resonance frequency decreased with the increment of volume (Spearman's test: R=0.777). Conclusion: The tactile sensor is an appropriate tool for quantitatively measuring the palpability of soft materials, which probably includes the brain and spinal cord.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-627
Number of pages6
JournalNeurological research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Sep


  • Brain
  • Consistency
  • Increased ICP
  • Palpation
  • Rat
  • Stiffness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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