Quantitative distribution analysis of alumina inclusion particles in ferritic stainless steels by using laser-induced breakdown optical emission spectrometry

Syoko Nakahata, Shunsuke Kashiwakura, Kazuaki Wagatsuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes an analytical method for determining the spatial distribution of alumina inclusion particles in several ferritic stainless steels by laser-induced breakdown optical emission spectrometry with a single-shot laser scanned on the sample surface. For this purpose, an irradiation system, which comprised a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser with an average energy of 50 mJ/pulse and a precisely driven X-Y-Z sample stage, was prepared. A Czerny–Turner-mounting spectrograph equipped with an ICCD detector was employed for a time-resolved measurement of the laser-induced breakdown optical emission spectrometry signal. The intensity ratio of Al I 396.152 nm to Cr I 396.368 nm was measured each for the single shot, while the irradiation positions were step-wise moved in the X-Y direction and then the same sampling area was repeatedly irradiated by subsequent laser shots in the Z direction. The number of alumina particles was mapped from the intensity ratio of Al/Cr each for the irradiation points in both the lateral and in-depth directions, enabling the distribution of alumina particles to be presented. The resolution of our measuring system was 40 μm in the lateral position and 6–7 μm in the depth direction, which were mainly determined by the crater size of a laser shot. A typical size of the alumina particles (several μm) was smaller than their resolutions; nevertheless, the suggested method would be still more effective to give the distribution of alumina particles, especially the coarse ones, because of its rapid response for the analytical result.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)740-749
Number of pages10
JournalSurface and Interface Analysis
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug

Keywords

  • alumina inclusion particle
  • laser ablation
  • laser-induced breakdown plasma spectrometry
  • rapid response
  • spatial distribution
  • stainless steel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

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