Quality-of-life outcomes from a randomized phase III trial of dose-dense weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin compared with conventional paclitaxel and carboplatin as a first-line treatment for stage II-IV ovarian cancer: Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group trial (JGOG3016)

K. Harano, F. Terauchi, N. Katsumata, F. Takahashi, M. Yasuda, S. Takakura, M. Takano, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sugiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Dose-dense weekly paclitaxel (Taxol) and carboplatin (dd-TC) improved survival compared with conventional tri-weekly paclitaxel and carboplatin (c-TC) as a first-line chemotherapy for newly diagnosed stage II-IV ovarian cancer in the Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group 3016 trial. We report the quality-of-life (QoL) results from this trial. Patients and methods: A total of 637 patients were randomly assigned to receive c-TC or dd-TC (c-TC, n = 319; dd-TC, n = 312) and were asked to complete a QoL assessment at baseline, just after the third and sixth chemotherapy cycles, and at 12 months after randomization. QoL was assessed using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT)-general (FACT-G), FACT-taxane subscale (FACT-T), and FACT-ovary subscale (FACT-Ov). The overall QoL and that according to each subscale were analyzed using mixed-effects models adjusted for treatment and time. Results: Baseline QoL assessment was completed by 204 out of 319 (63.9%) and 200 out of 312 (64.1%) patients in the c-TC and dd-TC groups, respectively. In these groups, the compliance rates with regard to QoL assessment were 74.5% and 73.0%, respectively, after three chemotherapy cycles; 86.8% and 86.9%, respectively, after six chemotherapy cycles; and 74.2% and 71.6%, respectively, at 12 months after randomization. The overall QoL did not differ significantly between the two treatment groups up to 12 months after randomization (P = 0.46). However, QoL according to the FACT-T subscale was significantly lower in the dd-TC group than in the c-TC group (P = 0.02). Conclusion: dd-TC does not decrease overall QoL compared with c-TC.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbermdt527
Pages (from-to)251-257
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Paclitaxel
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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