Quality of life following endocrine therapy for advanced prostate cancer: A comparative study between LH-RH agonist 1-month depot and 3-month depot

Shunichi Namiki, Shigeto Ishidoya, Seiichi Saito, Shiro Mitsukawa, Yasuyoshi Suzuki, Isao Numata, Yoichi Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(Purpose) There were few studies which reported the longitudinal quality of life (QOL) for Japanese men who received endocrine therapy for advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. A pilot randomized trial was conducted to assess QOL and the incidence of hot flash following endocrine therapy using luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonist goserelin acetate 1-month or 3-month depot alone in patients with advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. (Material and methods) A total of 28 patients with advanced or metastatic prostate cancer who received LH-RH analogue goserelin acetate depot alone for 12 months were randomized (1:1) to two different formulations. Fifteen patients received the 1-month depot and thirteen patients received 3-month depot, namely Zoladex® 3.6 mg depot and Zoladex LA® 10.8 mg depot, respectively. We measured health related QOL using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) and EuroQol (EQ-5D) questionnaire and evaluated the incidence of hot flashes between the two groups for one year after diagnosis. Moreover, we evaluated the incidence of hot flashes between the 1M and 3M depot. A baseline interview was conducted before treatment. Follow-up interviews were conducted in person at scheduled study visits of 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after treatment. (Results) Five (18%) patients dropped out of the study. Thus, we analyzed 23 eligible patients (11 in the 1M arms and 12 in the 3M arms). No significant differences between the two treatment arms were detected in categories of age, average pre- PSA values, Gleason scores and clinical T stage. According to EORTC, each treatment group showed similar QOL scores in all domains before and after treatment. With regard to EQ-5D, the 1M-treatnent arm reported better utility scores than 3M treatment arm, which was no significant statistically. The overall incidence of hot flash was 61 % (58% in 1M group and 64% in 3M group). (Conclusion) There were no differences with regard to general and disease specific HRQOL between the both formulations of goserelin acetate. Hot flashes are the major adverse effects of endocrine therapy for Japanese patients with prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-637
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Urology
Volume99
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul

Keywords

  • LH-RH agonist
  • Prostate cancer
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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