Quality of life, day hospice needs, and satisfaction of community-dwelling patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers in Japan

Mitsunori Miyashita, Tomoyo Misawa, Mayumi Abe, Yasuko Nakayama, Koji Abe, Masako Kawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The aims of this study were to clarify (1) the quality of life (QOL) of community-dwelling patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers in home palliative care and day hospice settings, (2) the need for day hospice of home palliative care patients and caregivers, and (3) the satisfaction with day hospice by day hospice patients and caregivers. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire was administered to patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers who were cared for at day hospice and home palliative care. We measured the health-related quality of life using the SF-8, the need for day hospice of home palliative care patients and caregivers, and the satisfaction with day hospice by day hospice patients and caregivers. Results: A total of 57 pairs of patients and caregivers participated in the study (day hospice, n = 23; home palliative care, n = 34). The physical and mental aspects of the patient QOL were significantly lower than national standard value. However, although physical aspect of caregivers QOL was significantly lower than national standard value, mental aspect of caregiver's QOL was not lower than national standard value. Forty-four percent of home palliative care patients and 67% of home palliative care caregivers preferred day hospice. The needs of patients and caregivers were wide ranging including medical treatment, distraction, information provision, and respite. Overall, the Japanese day hospice was evaluated highly. Conclusion: This is the first study of day hospice in Japan. Although there are several day hospices in Japan, the initiation of day hospice would probably be successful. The dissemination of day hospice is an important issue for patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1203-1207
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Palliative Medicine
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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