Qualitative Assessment of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living in Older Persons with Very Mild Dementia: The Kurihara Project

Yoshitaka Ouchi, Mari Kasai, Kei Nakamura, Masahiro Nakatsuka, Kenichi Meguro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: We investigated quantitative/qualitative changes of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in people with a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 0.5. Methods: IADLs were evaluated in older residents: CDR of 0 (healthy) and CDR 0.5 (questionable/very mild dementia). The subjects with CDR 0.5 were divided into 2 types: the very mild Alzheimer's disease (vmAD) type and the other type including very mild subcortical vascular dementia. IADLs were evaluated quantitatively using the Lawton and the original qualitative IADL scales. Results: CDR 0.5/vmAD type subjects had impairment of only one Lawton item (Shopping) compared to CDR 0 subjects. However, the CDR 0.5/vmAD type group and the CDR 0.5/other type group showed impairment of 3 items in the qualitative assessment (Shopping, Food preparation, and Mode of transportation). Conclusion: We suggest using both quantitative/qualitative IADL scales for assessing older adults with very mild dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-381
Number of pages8
JournalDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Clinical dementia rating
  • Community-dwelling elderly
  • Instrumental activities of daily living
  • Qualitative assessment
  • Very mild dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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