Qualification results of a sail deployment mechanism for active prevention and reduction of space debries

Toshinori Kuwahara, Kazuya Yoshida, Yuji Sakamoto, Yoshihiro Tomioka, Kazufumi Fukuda, Masato Fukuyama, Yuta Tanabe, Yoshihiko Shibuya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently small satellite development activities became popular throughout the world and the number of satellites being developed and launched a year is becoming larger. Many of these satellites are launched into orbits where they remain orbiting around the Earth for centuries in vain even after their mission life time. It became recently a world's serious concern that these space debris prevent human beings from safe space development and exploration activities in the near future. Therefore there is a great interest on debris prevention and reduction methods. Tohoku University has been very active in satellite development activities for years and has already successfully developed, tested, and launched its first microsatellite SPRITE-SAT (renamed as RISING-1 after the launch) in 2009, and is completing the second and third microsatellite RISING-2 and R1SESAT, and launched a CubeSat RAIKO which is now in the International Space Station and will be deployed into orbit very soon. Due to the above mentioned background, Tohoku University has also initiated a development activity of sail deployment mechanisms in order to de-orbit the used microsatellite mainly by means of the residual atmospheric drags. The mechanism itself has a cylinder form and utilizes unique deployable booms which can be folded down very compactly. The stored thin film inside the mechanism is pulled out of the case by the deployment force produced by the booms. Three different sizes of models have been developed, and their functionalities are verified. The smallest is flown on the RAIKO, the second will fly on the RISING-2, and the third on the RISESAT. The important characteristic of this mechanism is that the size of the sail can be modified very easily depending on the requirements of the spacecraft. Preparing deferent size of sails, this kind of de-orbit mechanism can become the standard prevention and reduction measures of space debris. This paper describes the development and application status of this mechanism and the results of initial qualifications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012
Pages2565-2570
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1
Event63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012 - Naples, Italy
Duration: 2012 Oct 12012 Oct 5

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC
Volume4
ISSN (Print)0074-1795

Other

Other63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012
CountryItaly
CityNaples
Period12/10/112/10/5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • Cite this

    Kuwahara, T., Yoshida, K., Sakamoto, Y., Tomioka, Y., Fukuda, K., Fukuyama, M., Tanabe, Y., & Shibuya, Y. (2012). Qualification results of a sail deployment mechanism for active prevention and reduction of space debries. In 63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012, IAC 2012 (pp. 2565-2570). (Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC; Vol. 4).