Purification of zirconium by electron beam floating zone melting

Kouji Mimura, Michihiro Kasuga, Michio Nanjo, Minoru Isshiki

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Removal of metallic and non-metallic impurities from zirconium with nominal purity of 99.8% has been investigated by the electron beam floating zone melting (EBFZM) in a high vacuum. Metallic impurities such as iron and chromium, being more volatile than zirconium, volatilized preferentially and their contents were reducible to below a few mass ppm after three zone passes at the zoning speed of 2 mm/min. Although no decrease of hafnium, with a slightly lower vapor-pressure than zirconium, by volatilization was observed, the redistribution of hafnium, caused by segregation effect, has been found. Deoxidation of zirconium by evaporation of zirconium suboxide like ZrO was scarcely noticed, but it was found that the oxygen content was reduced to below one-half of the initial content in near the final end of the zone melted portion, due to the segregation effect. Segregation of carbon towards the final end was also found, although decarburization by the CO gas evolution was not observed. The effective distribution coefficients for oxygen and carbon at the zoning speed of 2 mm/min were estimated to be 1.5approx.2 and 0.7approx.0.8, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1124-1129
Number of pages6
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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