Purification and characterization of UDP-GlcNAc:Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1- 3Galβ1-4Glc(NAc)-R(GlcNAc to Gal) β1,6N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase from hog small intestine

Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Tomohiko Taguchi, Yasuo Tano, Tomoya Ogawa, Anne Leppänen, Marjo Kinnunen, Olli Aitio, Pinja Parmanne, Ossi Renkonen, Naoyuki Taniguchit

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A β1,6N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (β1-6GnT) responsible for the formation of the β1,6-branched poly-N-acetyllactosamine structure has been purified 210,000-fold in 2.4% yield from a homogenate of hog small intestine by successive column chromatographies involving CM-Sepharose FF, Ni2+- chelating Sepharose FF, and UDP-hexanolamine-agarose, using an assay wherein pyridylaminated lacto-N-neotetraose (Galβ1-4GlcNAcβ1-3Galβ1-4Glc-PA) was used as an acceptor substrate, and the reaction product was Galβ1-4Glc- NAcβ1-3(GlcNAcβ1-6)Galβ1-4Glc-PA. The apparent molecular weight of the purified enzyme was 76,000 under nonreducing conditions. The enzyme has a pH optimum at 7.0 and has no requirement for any divalent metal ions. The K(m) values for pyridylaminated lacto-N-neotetraose and UDP-GlcNAc were 0.96 and 2.59 mM, respectively. For its activity, this enzyme was shown to have an absolute requirement of at least a complete LacNAc (LacNAc = Galβ1-4GlcNAc) residue bound to position 3 of the acceptor Gal residues, i.e. it is capable of acting only on the Gal residues of internal LacNAc units. The data strongly suggest that this enzyme could be involved in generating branches to central positions of preformed as well as growing polylactosamine chains, but not in synthesizing the distal branches to growing polylactosamine chains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27625-27632
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Oct 16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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