Purification and characterization of protein phosphatase 2C in rat parotid acinar cells: Two forms of Mg2+-activated histone phosphatase and phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase

Noriko Yokoyama, Takayasu Kobayashi, Shinri Tamura, Hiroshi Sugiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two forms of Mg2+-activated histone phosphatase activities were partially purified from rat parotid acinar cells using Mono Q and gel filtration chromatography. Both enzymes activities were dependent on the presence of Mg2+, showing little activity in the presence of EDTA. The activities fractionated on the Mono Q column into two peaks: the first was a minor peak of histone phosphatase activity; the second was a major peak. These two peaks eluted at distinct positions on the gel filtration column. The molecular masses of the two peak fractions corresponded to 46 and 55 kDa, respectively on SDS-gels. The first 46-kDa peak immunoreacted with anti- PP2Cα phosphatase antibody and like PP2Cα phosphatase could be phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The second 55-kDa peak showed neither reactivity with anti-PP2Cα phosphatase antibody nor phosphorylability by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, but retained a Mg2+ or Mn2+ dependence for its histone phosphatase activity. Ca2+ showed a strong inhibition on this activity. On the basis of these observations, we have identified the first peak enzyme as PP2Cα phosphatase and the second peak as a novel PP2C-like phosphatase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume331
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Mg-dependent histone phosphatase
  • cAMP-mediated pathway
  • parotid acinar cells
  • phosphorylation
  • protein phosphatase 2C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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