Pupillary and cardiovascular responses to a video movie in senior human subjects

Tomoo Ando, Akira Tanaka, Sadahumi Fukasaku, Ritsuko Takada, Masahiko Okada, Kazuhiko Ukai, Kazuhiko Shizuka, Hiroshi Oyamada, Haruo Toda, Tomokazu Taniyama, Tomoaki Usui, Makoto Yoshizawa, Tooru Kiryu, Mineo Takagi, Shinya Saida, Takehiko Bando

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of watching video movies on autonomic functions were estimated by measuring changes in pupillary and cardiovascular parameters in 10 senior subjects. The subjects looked at a series of video images (with accompanied sounds) taken during the execution of motor vehicles. The images were rear-projected on a large screen for 15 min. Pupil diameter and parameters of the light reflex were measured by an infrared pupillometer before and after the video presentation. Their electrocardiograms (ECG) and blood pressure were measured continuously. Subjects were divided into two groups depending on their values of blood pressure and fasting plasma glucose level. Subjects in Group A had blood pressures of less than 140 mm Hg and a fasting plasma glucose level of less than 7 mmol/dl (normal group). Other subjects were included in Group B (mild hypertension or diabetes mellitus group). While changes in pupillary light reflex after video viewing were minimal in the members of Group A, amplitudes of the pupillary reflex in the members of Group B varied over a significantly wide range. By the spectral analysis of cardiovascular rhythm, %LF and %HF components of blood pressure rhythm were significantly different between the two groups before video viewing. However, the ratios of frequency components before and after video viewing were not significantly different between the two groups. Our findings suggest that pupillary light reflex was less precisely controlled in subjects with mild autonomic dysfunction after prolonged audiovisual stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalAutonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 31

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous function
  • Motion picture
  • Noninvasive method
  • Pupillary light reflex
  • Spectrum analyses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Pupillary and cardiovascular responses to a video movie in senior human subjects'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this