Pulse Pressure, Prognosis, and Influence of Sacubitril/Valsartan in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction

Kota Suzuki, Brian Claggett, Masatoshi Minamisawa, Kotaro Nochioka, Gary F. Mitchell, Inder S. Anand, Faiez Zannad, Sanjiv J. Shah, Martin Lefkowitz, Victor Shi, Marc A. Pfeffer, John J.V. McMurray, Scott D. Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arterial stiffness is increased with increasing age, and pulse pressure (PP), a marker of arterial stiffness, is a predictor of incident cardiovascular disease and mortality. However, the prognostic relevance of PP in heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction has not been fully understood. We studied 4796 patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction from the PARAGON-HF trial. All patients underwent sequential run-in phases of valsartan and sacubitril/valsartan before randomization. We categorized patients by PP quartile and evaluated the influence of baseline PP on the PARAGON-HF primary end point (total HF hospitalizations and cardiovascular death). At screening, the median PP was 58 mm Hg (interquartile range, 50-69 mm Hg). There was a nonlinear, J-shaped association between PP and outcomes. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models showed that patients in the highest PP quartile had a higher risk of the primary end point (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.39 [95% CI, 1.14-1.69]; P=0.001), total HF hospitalizations (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.43 [95% CI, 1.15-1.79]; P=0.001), and myocardial infarction (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.54 [95% CI, 1.06-2.23]; P=0.022) compared with those in the second (lowest risk) PP quartile. Reductions in PP during sacubitril/valsartan run-in were associated with a decreased risk of the primary end point and total HF hospitalizations. One year after randomization, PP was significantly lower in the sacubitril/valsartan group compared with the valsartan group (3.0 mm Hg decrease [95% CI, 2.4-3.5]; P<0.001). In conclusion, PP was an independent predictor of cardiovascular events in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction enrolled in PARAGON-HF. Sacubitril/valsartan lowered PP compared with valsartan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-556
Number of pages11
JournalHypertension
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 1

Keywords

  • arterial stiffness
  • heart failure
  • neprilysin
  • pulse pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pulse Pressure, Prognosis, and Influence of Sacubitril/Valsartan in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this