Psychophysical dimensions of tactile perception of textures

Shogo Okamoto, Hikaru Nagano, Yoji Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

226 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reviews studies on the tactile dimensionality of physical properties of materials in order to determine a common structure for these dimensions. Based on the commonality found in a number of studies and known mechanisms for the perception of physical properties of textures, we conclude that tactile textures are composed of three prominent psychophysical dimensions that are perceived as roughness/smoothness, hardness/softness, and coldness/warmness. The roughness dimension may be divided into two dimensions: macro and fine roughness. Furthermore, it is reasonable to consider that a friction dimension that is related to the perception of moistness/dryness and stickiness/slipperiness exists. Thus, the five potential dimensions of tactile perception are macro and fine roughness, warmness/coldness, hardness/softness, and friction (moistness/dryness, stickiness/slipperiness). We also summarize methods such as psychological experiments and mathematical approaches for structuring tactile dimensions and their limitations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-93
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Haptics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Factor analysis
  • Multidimensional scaling
  • Sensory evaluation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications


Dive into the research topics of 'Psychophysical dimensions of tactile perception of textures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this