Protonic and native conduction in Sr-substituted LaPO4 studied by thermoelectric power measurements

Koji Amezawa, Signe Kjelstrup, Truls Norby, Yasuhiko Ito

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78 Citations (Scopus)


Measurements of the thermoelectric power were applied to investigate the electrical conductivity in 5 mol % Sr-substituted LaPO4 as a function of temperature (600 to 900°C), water vapor partial pressure (0.2 to 6 kPa), and oxygen partial pressure (4 to 100 kPa). Expressions of the thermoelectric power for materials conducting protons, oxide ions, and electronic defects were derived, based on a thermodynamic treatment of entropy production by heat and charge transfer. The experimental data for 5 mol % Sr-substituted LaPO4 were interpreted in terms of protonic conduction, and some additional conduction, possibly by electron holes. In air, the proton transport number is unity at 600°C when PH2O > 1 kPa, and at 700°C when PH2O > 3 kPa. In wet atmospheres, the transported entropy of protons in this material was found to be nearly constant, 112 ± 2 J mol-1 K-1 at 600 to 800°C in wet atmospheres.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3313-3319
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Oct
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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