Proton nuclear magnetic resonance studies of hydrogen diffusion and electron tunneling in Ni-Nb-Zr-H glassy alloys

Haruo Niki, Hiroyuki Okuda, Morihito Oshiro, Mamoru Yogi, Ichiro Seki, Mikio Fukuhara

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using the Fourier transform of the echo envelope, the proton line shapes, spin-lattice relaxation time, and spin-spin relaxation time have been measured in a (Ni 0.36Nb 0.24Zr 0.40) 90H 10 glassy alloy at 1.83 T (∼78 MHz) and at temperatures between 1.8 and 300 K. First, the spectral line width decreases abruptly between 1.8 and 2.1 K. Next, it remains almost constant at 13 kHz up to ∼150 K. Finally, the line width decreases as the temperature increases from ∼150 to 300 K. The initial decrease in the spectral line width is ascribed to the distribution of the external field, which is caused by the penetration of vortices in the superconducting state. The subsequent leveling off in the spectral line width is ascribed to the dipole-dipole interaction between protons when hydrogen atoms are trapped into vacancies among the Zr-centered icosahedral Zr 5Ni 5Nb 3 clusters. The final decrease in the spectral line width is ascribed to the motional narrowing of the width that is caused by the movement of hydrogen atoms. The temperature dependences of the spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation time showed that at temperature above 150 K and the activation energy of 8.7 kJ/mol allowed the hydrogen atoms to migrate among the clusters. The distance between the hydrogen atoms is estimated to be 2.75 Å. Hydrogen occupancies among clusters in the (Ni 0.36Nb 0.24Zr 0.40) 90H 10 glassy alloy play an important role in the diffusion behavior and in the electronic properties of this alloy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number124308
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume111
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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