Proteomic characterization of oxidative dysfunction in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) induced by exposure to oxidized LDL

Tomoya Kinumi, Yoko Ogawa, Junko Kimata, Yoshiro Saito, Yasukazu Yoshida, Etsuo Niki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and subsequent alteration of endothelial cell function are generally accepted as an important early event in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. To understand the mechanism by which oxidized LDL (oxLDL) causes dysfunction in endothelial cells, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were exposed to oxLDL at a concentration that induces cellular dysfunction, and proteomic analysis was carried out, together with the analysis of cellular lipid peroxidation products. Time-dependent accumulation of 7-ketocholesterol and the progression of oxidative modification of peroxiredoxin 2 were observed, together with the suppression of cell proliferation. Proteomic analysis using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-D gel) revealed that nucleophosmin, stathmin, and nucleolin were differentially expressed after exposure to oxLDL. Both 2-D gel and western blot analyses revealed that (1) nucleophosmin was dephosphorylated in a time-dependent manner; (2) stathmin was transiently phosphorylated at 6 h, and the unphosphorylated form was continuously down-regulated; and (3) nucleolin was identified as a 20-kDa fragment and a 76-kDa form, which were down-regulated. These observations suggest that the exposure of HUVEC to oxLDL results in the suppression of cell proliferation, which is ascribed to protein modification and/or altered expression of nucleophosmin, stathmin, and nucleolin under these oxidative stress conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1335-1344
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Research
Volume39
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endothelial cell
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Oxidized LDL
  • Proteome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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