Protein kinase C (PKC) plays an important role in ischemic preconditioning (IP). Because (1) tyrosine kinase is located at the downstream of PKC for IP in the rabbit hearts and (2) we have reported that ecto-5'-nucleotidase is the substrate for PKC and plays a crucial role for the infarct size-limiting effect, we tested whether tyrosine kinase activation contributes to either activation of ecto-5'-nucleotidase or the infarct size-limiting effect of the early phase of IP in the canine heart. In dogs, the IP procedure (4 cycles of 5-minute occlusion of coronary artery) and exposure to 12,13-phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) each activated myocardial ecto-5'-nucleotidase and Lck tyrosine kinase. Genistein (10, 30, and 100 μg·kg-1·min-1 IC), an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase, attenuated the activation of Lck tyrosine kinase but did not attenuate the activation of ecto-5'-nucleotidase due to either IP or PMA. In the other canine hearts, IP attenuated infarct size (49±5 versus 11±3 or 16±3%, P<0.01) due to 90 minutes of coronary occlusion followed by 6 hours of reperfusion, which was not blunted by 3 or 2 (30 and 100 μg·kg-1·min-1) doses of genistein (infarct sizes, 15±4, 13±4, and 13±3%, respectively, and 17±3 and 15±4%, respectively) or lavendustin A. Tyrosine kinase does not activate ecto-5'-nucleotidase or trigger the infarct size-limiting effect of the early phase of IP in canine hearts.
- Ischemic preconditioning
- Lavendustin A
- Protein kinase C
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine