Protective effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in a granulocytopenic mouse model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection through enhanced phagocytosis and killing by alveolar macrophages through priming tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) production

R. Shirai, J. Kadota, K. Tomono, K. Ogawa, K. Iida, K. Kawakami, S. Kohno

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effects of G-CSF in a granulocytopenic mouse model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection. The model was prepared by intratracheal instillation of the bacteria, while granulocytopenia was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 4.0 mg of cyclophosphamide (CPA). There was no difference in the survival rate between G-CSF-treated animals and the normal group, and the number of neutrophils in the blood and lung recovered to normal in the former group. However, the phagocytic and killing activities of neutrophils were lower in G-CSF-treated mice than in controls. Interestingly, the mortality rate increased significantly when anti-TNF-α antibody was combined with G-CSF, although it was intermediate between CPA alone and CPA-G-CSF-treated mice. However, the improved mortality was not associated with a change in the number of neutrophils in the circulation and lung. Administration of anti-TNF-α antibody resulted in a significant suppression of TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and of enhanced alveolar macrophage function (phagocytic and bactericidal activity) against P. aeruginosa in G-CSF-treated granulocytopenic mice. We showed also increased TNF-α mRNA expression and TNF-α production in vitro using G-CSF- pretreated alveolar macrophages compared with control untreated macrophages. Our results are the first evidence to suggest that G-CSF provides a synergistic protective effect against lethal P. aeruginosa lung infection in the granulocytopenic host. This effect is probably due to enhancement of alveolar macrophage function through endogenous TNF-α production, in addition to increasing the number of circulating neutrophils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume109
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Granulocyte colony stimulating factor
  • Granulocytopenic mice
  • Macrophage
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Tumour necrosis factor- alpha

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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