Picolinamide, 2-pyridinecarboxylic acid amide, was found to be a strong inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase of nuclei from rat pancreatic islet cells. Another experiment using isolated pancreatic islets of rats showed that picolinamide protects against streptozotocin-induced depression of proinsulin synthesis as well as against streptozotocin-induced reduction of NAD content. The protection by picolinamide against the NAD depression was considered to be due to the blockage of an increased degradation of NAD mediated by a streptozotocin-induced increase in poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase activity. A possible mechanism of streptozotocin diabetes and its prevention is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology