Protection by picolinamide, a novel inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase, against both streptozotocin-induced depression of proinsulin synthesis and reduction of NAD content in pancreatic islets

Hiroshi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Picolinamide, 2-pyridinecarboxylic acid amide, was found to be a strong inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase of nuclei from rat pancreatic islet cells. Another experiment using isolated pancreatic islets of rats showed that picolinamide protects against streptozotocin-induced depression of proinsulin synthesis as well as against streptozotocin-induced reduction of NAD content. The protection by picolinamide against the NAD depression was considered to be due to the blockage of an increased degradation of NAD mediated by a streptozotocin-induced increase in poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase activity. A possible mechanism of streptozotocin diabetes and its prevention is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-481
Number of pages8
JournalTopics in Catalysis
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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