Prospect for HRE-free high coercivity Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent state-of-the-art microstructure investigations on Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets have revealed that the Nd2Fe14B grains in conventional sintered magnets are exchange-coupled through ferromagnetic grain boundary phase and the coercivity is governed by domain wall pinning, while exchange-decoupled sintered magnets can be processed by tuning the chemical composition to a slightly Nd-rich and B-lean one with Ga-doping. The coercivity of exchange-decoupled magnets is governed by the nucleation mechanism, giving rise to higher coercivity. Based on recent studies on microstructure-coercivity relationships of various Nd-Fe-B magnets, prospect of HRE-free high coercivity and high remanence magnets is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalScripta Materialia
Volume151
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coercivity
  • Heavy rare earth
  • Nd-Fe-B
  • Permanent magnet
  • Rare earth permanent magnet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

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