Background: We have developed a new transurethral thermotherapy device using 8MHz radiofrequency (RF) for the treatment of patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We report the safety and effectiveness of the initial clinical experience with this device. Methods: Sixty patients with symptomatic BPH were subjected to a single 1-hour treatment under local anesthesia. The treatment device uses extracorporeal RF capacitive heating in combination with radiative heating and conductive cooling of the urethra. Results: In the 49 patients evaluable at 3 months, the mean International Prostate Symptom Score decreased from 17.8 to 1.3.1 (P < 0.0001) and the Quality of Life score decreased from 4.4 to 3.4 (P < 0.0005). Maximum flow rate increased from 8.1 to 9.7 mL/s (P < 0.05) at 3 months. Overall effectiveness by Homma's response criteria was as follows; excellent 4.1%, good 10.2%, fair 38.8% and poor 46.9%. Side effects were minimal. Gross hematuria was seen in 3 patients and erosion of the external urethral meatus was seen in 2 patients, but none had urinary retention. Conclusions: In this initial clinical trial, transurethral RF thermotherapy was safe and resulted in modest symptomatic improvement. Further investigations for optimizing the treatment protocol seem warranted.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Urology|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Capacitive heating
- Transurethral radiofrequency thermotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas