Proposal of a TEM to TE 01 mode converter for a microwave nondestructive inspection of axial flaws appearing on the inner surface of a pipe with an arbitrary diameter

Takuya Katagiri, Kota Sasaki, Haicheng Song, Noritaka Yusa, Hidetoshi Hashizume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study discusses the characteristics of a mode converter to generate microwaves in the TE 01 mode for the long-range inspection of pipes. Numerical analysis was conducted to evaluate the effect of the pipe diameter and the number of coaxial cables inserted into the pipe on the efficiency of converting microwaves from the coaxial TEM mode to the circular TE 01 mode. The results reveal that the most efficient frequency range for TE 01 mode propagation strongly depends on the number of cables and pipe diameter. Subsequent experiments were performed using brass pipes with a length of 5 m and diameters of 39.0 and 74.0 mm. The results of these experiments are consistent with the results of the numerical analysis: the pipe with a diameter of 39.0 mm showed a clear signal from an axial slit 1.5 m away from the mode converter and the pipe with a diameter of 74.0 mm showed almost no difference between signals with or without the slit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1534
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Electromagnetics and Mechanics
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Nondestructive testing
  • TE modes
  • axial cracks
  • metal pipe
  • time of flight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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