Properties of two VEGF receptors, Flt-1 and KDR, in signal transduction

Yasufumi Sato, Shinichi Kanno, Nobuyuki Oda, Mayumi Abe, Mikito Ito, Kenya Shitara, Masabumi Shibuya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The properties of two VEGF receptors, Flt-1 and KDR, in the signal transduction of VEGF in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were investigated by using two newly developed blocking monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against Flt-1 and KDR. VEGF stimulated the expression of transcription factor Ets-1 as well as matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and Flt-1 in HUVECs. The KDR/Flt-1 heterodimer and the KDR homodimer mediate the expression of Ets-1, MMP-1, and Flt-1. VEGF also stimulated DNA synthesis and migration of HUVECs. DNA synthesis is mediated by the same signaling system as the expression of Ets-1. In contrast, cell migration is regulated by two distinct signaling systems. The Flt-1 homodimer is required for actin reorganization. The KDR/Flt-1 heterodimer and the KDR homodimer are required for the assembly of vinculin in focal adhesion plaque by regulating the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and paxillin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-207
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume902
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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