Propagation of obliquely incident tsunamis on a slope part II characteristics of on-ridge tsunamis

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Abstract

Fundamental characteristics of tsunamis propagating over an oceanic ridge are investigated analytically based on the linear shallow water wave theory. The oceanic ridge model used has a triangular shape which is formed by the combination of a constant slope and a bottom of uniform depth. Wave pattern of on-ridge tsunamis varies depending on the obliquity of incident waves. Especially, standing waves are formed when the incident wave angle to the ridge exceeds the critical angle. Then no transmitted waves exist because of the evanescent waves. The present study is applied to the 1996 Irian Java tsunami which propagated over the South-Honshu ridge. The characteristics of on-ridge tsunamis observed at Chichijima and Hachijojima. which are close to the South-Honshu ridge, can be partly explained by using the solution derived in the present study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-182
Number of pages18
JournalCoastal Engineering Journal
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jun

Keywords

  • Evanescent mode
  • Oceanic ridge
  • On-ridge tsunami
  • The 1996 Irian Jaya tsunami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Ocean Engineering

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