Promoting effect of Rh, Pd and Pt noble metals to the Ni/Mg(Al)O catalysts for the DSS-like operation in CH4 steam reforming

Takeshi Miyata, Dalin Li, Masato Shiraga, Tetsuya Shishido, Yasunori Oumi, Tsuneji Sano, Katsuomi Takehira

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61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of the additions of noble metal, i.e. Rh, Pd and Pt, on Ni/Mg(Al)O catalyst have been investigated for the daily start-up and shut-down (DSS) operation under steam purging in the steam reforming of CH4. Mg2.5(Ni0.5)-Al hydrotalcite was prepared by coprecipitation and calcined to form Mg2.5(Al,Ni0.5)O periclase. When the powders of the periclase were dipped in an aqueous solution of the nitrate of Rh(III), Pd(II) or Pt(II), the hydrotaclite was reconstituted on the surface of Mg2.5(Al,Ni0.5)O particles due to a "memory effect," resulting in the formation of highly dispersed noble metal-Ni supported catalysts after the calcination followed by the reduction. The addition of noble metal on Ni resulted in a decrease in the reduction temperature of Ni2+ in Mg2.5(Al,Ni0.5)O periclase and an increase in the amount of H2 uptake on the Ni0 over the Ni/Mg2.5(Al)O catalyst. When Rh-, Pd- and Pt-Ni0.5/Mg2.5(Al)O catalysts were tested for the DSS-like operation under steam purging, the deactivation due to the Ni metal oxidation by steam was effectively suppressed by hydrogen spillover from noble metal to Ni. Especially, only 0.05 wt% of noble metal loading was enough to suppress effectively the deactivation during the DSS-like operation in the case of using both Rh and Pt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume310
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 17

Keywords

  • CH steam reforming
  • DSS operation
  • H production
  • Hydrotalcite
  • Memory effect
  • Ni/Mg(Al)O catalyst
  • Rh, Pd and Pt addition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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