Promoter selectivity of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase: Omega factor is responsible for the ppGpp sensitivity

Kazuhiko Igarashi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Akira Ishihama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transcription in vitro of stringently controlled Escherichia coli genes by purified RNA polymerase holoenzyne is inhibited by guanosine tetraphosphate (ppGpp). In order to examine possible role of ω factor in this ppGpp sensitivity, RNA polymerases with or without the ω factor were reconstituted and tested for their ppGpp sensitivity using an in vitro mixed transcription system. RNA polymerase lacking the ω factor was found virtually insensitive to ppGpp but the addition of a purified ω factor restored the ppGpp sensitivity of this ω -free RNA polymerase. These results raise a possibility that the ω factor is a regulatory protein of RNA polymerase and is involved in the ppGpp-mediated alteration of the promoter selectivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8755-8765
Number of pages11
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume17
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Nov 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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